Contract grant sponsor: Clinical Psychology Trainee Program of the Aus- und Weiterbildungseinrichtung für klinische Verhaltenstherapie (AWKV) Kassel; Contract grant number: 60403211; Contract grant sponsor: NIMH; Contract grant number: MH-57326.
EMOTION REGULATION PREDICTS ANXIETY OVER A FIVE-YEAR INTERVAL: A CROSS-LAGGED PANEL ANALYSIS
Article first published online: 21 OCT 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Focus on Prognosis and Risk Factors
Volume 31, Issue 1, pages 87–95, January 2014
How to Cite
Wirtz, C. M., Hofmann, S. G., Riper, H. and Berking, M. (2014), EMOTION REGULATION PREDICTS ANXIETY OVER A FIVE-YEAR INTERVAL: A CROSS-LAGGED PANEL ANALYSIS. Depress. Anxiety, 31: 87–95. doi: 10.1002/da.22198
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 21 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 1 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 18 APR 2013
- Clinical Psychology Trainee Program of the Aus- und Weiterbildungseinrichtung für klinische Verhaltenstherapie (AWKV) Kassel. Grant Number: 60403211
- NIMH. Grant Number: MH-57326
- emotion regulation;
- risk factors;
- prospective study;
Emotion regulation (ER) deficits have been linked to symptoms of anxiety in cross-sectional studies. However, the direction of the relationship between ER and anxiety symptom severity (ASS) is unclear.
In order to clarify the relationship between ER skills and ASS symptoms, we assessed skills and symptoms in 131 individuals twice over a 5-year interval. Cross-lagged panel analyses were conducted to test whether ER skills were a significant predictor of subsequent ASS or vice versa. Additionally, we explored whether specific ER skills differed in regard to the strength of prospective associations with subsequent ASS.
ER skills negatively predicted subsequent ASS over and above the effects of baseline ASS (whereas anxiety symptoms did not predict subsequent ER deficits). Acceptance, tolerance, and willingness to confront had the strongest prospective effects on lower subsequent ASS.
General ER skills may play an important role in the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders.