Contract grant sponsor: National Institute on Mental Health; Contract grant number: RO1 MH079806; Contract grant sponsor: VA CSR&D Merit Award; Contract grant number: K01MH093750; Contract grant sponsor: VA CSR&D Career Development Award.
A GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY OF CLINICAL SYMPTOMS OF DISSOCIATION IN A TRAUMA-EXPOSED SAMPLE
Article first published online: 27 MAR 2014
Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 352–360, April 2014
How to Cite
Wolf, E. J., Rasmusson, A. M., Mitchell, K. S., Logue, M. W., Baldwin, C. T. and Miller, M. W. (2014), A GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY OF CLINICAL SYMPTOMS OF DISSOCIATION IN A TRAUMA-EXPOSED SAMPLE. Depress. Anxiety, 31: 352–360. doi: 10.1002/da.22260
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 27 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 23 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 5 AUG 2013
- National Institute on Mental Health. Grant Number: RO1 MH079806
- VA CSR&D Merit Award. Grant Number: K01MH093750
- VA CSR&D Career Development Award
- dissociative subtype;
- posttraumatic stress disorder;
- ADCY8, DPP6
Recent work suggests that a subset of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit marked dissociative symptoms, as defined by derealization and depersonalization. A dissociative subtype of PTSD was added to the diagnostic criteria listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Version 5 (DSM-5) to capture this presentation of PTSD. This study examined genetic polymorphisms for association with the symptoms that define the dissociative subtype of PTSD using a genome-wide approach.
The sample comprised 484 White, non-Hispanic, trauma-exposed veterans and their partners who were assessed for lifetime PTSD and dissociation using a structured clinical interview. The prevalence of PTSD was 60.5%. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from across the genome were obtained from a 2.5 million SNP array.
Ten SNPs evidenced suggestive association with dissociation (P < 10−5). No SNPs met genome-wide significance criteria (P < 5 × 10−8). The peak SNP was rs263232 (β = 1.4, P = 6.12 × 10−7), located in the adenylyl cyclase 8 (ADCY8) gene; a second SNP in the suggestive range was rs71534169 (β = 1.63, P = 3.79 × 10−6), located in the dipeptidyl-peptidase 6 (DPP6) gene.
ADCY8 is integral for long-term potentiation and synaptic plasticity and is implicated in fear-related learning and memory and long-term memory consolidation. DPP6 is critical for synaptic integration and excitation. These genes may exert effects on basic sensory integration and cognitive processes that underlie dissociative phenomena.