Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma with trabecular growth pattern: A mimic of hepatocellular carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology
Article first published online: 11 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 40, Issue 7, pages 639–650, July 2012
How to Cite
Xie, L., Jessurun, J., Manivel, J. C., Pambuccian, S. E. (2012), Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma with trabecular growth pattern: A mimic of hepatocellular carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology. Diagn. Cytopathol., 40: 639–650. doi: 10.1002/dc.21703
- Issue published online: 18 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 11 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Received: 7 JAN 2011
- hepatocellular carcinoma;
- fine needle aspiration;
- core biopsy
Epithelioid angiomyolipomas (AMLs) of the liver are rare tumors with imaging and cytologic features overlapping with those of hepatocellular carcinomas. We report the fine needle aspiration and core biopsy findings of an epithelioid AML in the right hepatic lobe of a 32-year-old female with tuberous sclerosis. She had undergone renal transplantation 8 years previously after bilateral nephrectomy for renal AMLs and a 3-cm chromophobe renal cell carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma was suspected during the initial cytologic and histologic examination based on the presence of numerous large polygonal cells with ample finely vacuolated or granular cytoplasm, low nucleocytoplasmic ratio, and mild nuclear pleomorphism in the smears, as well as a distinctive trabecular histologic pattern in the core biopsies. Immunoperoxidase stains showed that the neoplastic cells were negative for cytokeratins and positive for HMB45, Melan-A, and smooth muscle actin, establishing the diagnosis of epithelioid AML. To determine the distinguishing cytomorphologic features between epithelioid AML and HCC, we have compared the cytologic features of 15 cases of hepatic AML reported in the literature, including the present case, to the FNA cytologic findings of 38 consecutive cases of HCC diagnosed at out institution. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.