Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) as the first line investigation is not only useful in diagnosis of space occupying lesions but can also help in choosing appropriate management. This technique is most useful in diagnosing metastasis but is also helpful in excluding malignancy in some cases. Aim of this study is to analyze the spectrum of cytological diagnosis, adequacy, and clinicoradiological correlation of guided FNAC.
The study was carried out in the departments of pathology and radiology for a period from January 2000 to November 2011. All the data were retrieved from hospital medical record section and departmental data bank and were analyzed.
We have performed a total of 500 FNACs, including 234 under CT guidance and 266 under USG guidance. Among the CT-guided FNACs, 87.6% (205 cases) had adequate material which included 152 malignant cases, 38 inflammatory cases and 15 benign cases. Among the cases under USG, 91.7% (244 cases) had adequate material comprising of 112 malignant cases, 44 inflammatory cases, and 88 benign lesions. It was noted that increased number of inadequate aspirate was from lesions with smaller size and increased depth. Out of total 264 malignant cases diagnosed on FNAC, 160 cases were identified as malignant on clinical and radiological findings.
Guided FNAC is useful in deep seated lesions as well as in suspicious superficial lesions and is a safe diagnostic tool. If performed properly and correlated well with clinical and radiological findings, FNAC provides correct diagnosis in most cases. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2013;41:1052–1062. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.