Fetal and Infant Spontaneous General Movements as Predictors of Developmental Disabilities
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Special Issue: Developmental Delay
Volume 17, Issue 2, pages 93–101, November 2011
How to Cite
Zuk, L. (2011), Fetal and Infant Spontaneous General Movements as Predictors of Developmental Disabilities. Dev Disabil Res Revs, 17: 93–101. doi: 10.1002/ddrr.1104
- Issue published online: 29 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 3 SEP 2012
- general movements;
- predictive ability;
- neurodevelopmental outcome;
The challenge of identifying infants who are at risk for developmental delay and possible adverse neurodevelopmental outcome demands methods of evaluation that will lead to early intervention to minimize developmental disability and to maximize the infant's potential. A qualitative assessment of spontaneous general movements (GMs) in the preterm, term, and young infant at risk is a valid and reliable tool for evaluation (Prechtl  Early Hum. Dev. 23:151–158). The aim of this review is to describe the theoretical and clinical bases for the assessment of GMs and its relationship to developmental delay and brain dysfunction. Thirty-seven studies related to the predictive validity of GMs were included in this review. Results suggested that consistent cramped synchronized GMs are highly predictive of later development of cerebral palsy. The fidgety movement quality that appears at the age of 2 to 3 months was found to be a most sensitive predictor of neurodevelopmental outcome in different populations of infants. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Disabil Res Rev 2011;17:93–101.