Prenatal testing for intellectual disability: Misperceptions and reality with lessons from down syndrome
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Volume 17, Issue 1, pages 27–31, 2011
How to Cite
Acharya, K. (2011), Prenatal testing for intellectual disability: Misperceptions and reality with lessons from down syndrome. Dev Disabil Res Revs, 17: 27–31. doi: 10.1002/ddrr.135
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Received: 1 NOV 2011
- Down syndrome;
- intellectual disability;
- prenatal testing;
- genetic testing
Down syndrome is the most common cause of intellectual disability. In the United States, it is recommended that prenatal testing for Down syndrome be offered to all women. Because of this policy and consequent public perception, having Down syndrome has become a disadvantage in the prenatal period. However, in the postnatal period, there may be some advantage in having Down syndrome. To help parents make informed decisions about screening and testing, it is crucial to reconcile divergent prenatal and postnatal perspectives. Advancements in genetic technologies will also impact the informed consent process and need to be considered. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Disabil Res Rev 2011; 17:27–31.