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Keywords:

  • peer relationships;
  • Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder;
  • social problems

Abstract

This article extends previous reviews regarding the peer problems of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in several ways. In addition to summarizing past and current literature regarding the social behaviors of children with ADHD, these behaviors are discussed in terms of subtype and gender differences and treatment implications. Given limited effectiveness of treatment options, whether it be medication, behavioral modification, or social skills training, there is a need to examine additional factors that may contribute to the social impairment of children with ADHD. Therefore, this review focuses on potential neuropsychological deficits, biased perceptions of social ability, and deficits in encoding and processing social information that may contribute to the social impairment of children with ADHD. These topics are discussed both in terms of their contribution to our understanding of the peer problems of children with ADHD and as potential avenues for future research. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Dev Disabil Res Rev 2008;14:320–324.