Association of the polymorphisms 292 C>T and 1304 G>A in the SLC38A4 gene with hyperglycaemia


Dr. Carlos Galaviz-Hernández, Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, CIIDIR-IPN Unidad Durango, Sigma 119 Fracc 20 de Noviembre II, Durango, Dgo, Mexico c.p. 34220.




The SLC38A4 gene is related to system ‘A’ activity, which seems to be related to impaired gluconeogenesis. The objective of this study was to determine whether the 292 C>T and 1304 G>A polymorphisms of SLC38A4 gene are associated with hyperglycaemia in humans.


A total of 227 individuals were enrolled in a case–control study, in which hyperglycaemia was defined by plasma glucose levels ≥95 mg/dL. Genotyping was carried out by using real-time polymerase chain reaction.


The frequency of mutant alleles of SLC38A4 gene for single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 1304 G>A was 23.6% and 30.2% for SNP 292 C>T. The frequency of allele T for the SNP 292 C>T in the case and control groups did not show significant differences, whereas the frequency of allele A for the SNP 1304 G>A was significantly higher in the case group than in the control group (p = 0.04). In the logistic regression analysis, the SNP 1304 G>A [odds ratio (OR) 1.78; 95%CI 1.04–3.05, p = 0.03] but not SNP 292 C>T (OR 1.41; 95%CI 0.80–2.47, p = 0.23) showed a significant association with hyperglycaemia. After adjusting by body mass index, waist circumference and triglycerides, the SNP 1304 G>A remained significantly associated with hyperglycaemia (OR 2.13; 95%CI 1.18–3.83, p = 0.03). Pair wise linkage disequilibrium showed correlation (D′ > 0.82) between 292 C>T and 1304 G>A SNPs. Haplotype association with hyperglycaemia also showed significant association between both homozygous mutant alleles (A/T) and hyperglycaemia (OR 1.68; 95%CI 1.01–2.79, p = 0.048).


Our results suggest that mutant allele A for SNP 1304 G>A of SLC38A4 gene is associated with hyperglycaemia. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.