Intranasal HB-EGF administration favors adult SVZ cell mobilization to demyelinated lesions in mouse corpus callosum

Authors

  • Cristina Cantarella,

    1. Université de la Méditerranée, CNRS-UMR 6216, Institute for Developmental Biology of Marseille-Luminy, Case 907, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
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    • These authors contributed equally to this study.

  • Myriam Cayre,

    1. Université de la Méditerranée, CNRS-UMR 6216, Institute for Developmental Biology of Marseille-Luminy, Case 907, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
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    • These authors contributed equally to this study.

  • Karine Magalon,

    1. Université de la Méditerranée, CNRS-UMR 6216, Institute for Developmental Biology of Marseille-Luminy, Case 907, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
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  • Durbec Pascale

    Corresponding author
    1. Université de la Méditerranée, CNRS-UMR 6216, Institute for Developmental Biology of Marseille-Luminy, Case 907, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
    • Université de la Méditerranée, CNRS-UMR 6216, Institute for Developmental Biology of Marseille-Luminy, Case 907, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
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Abstract

In the adult rodent brain, the subventricular zone (SVZ) represents a special niche for neural stem cells; these cells proliferate and generate neural progenitors. Most of these migrate along the rostral migratory stream to the olfactory bulb, where they differentiate into interneurons. SVZ-derived progenitors can also be recruited spontaneously to damaged brain areas to replace lost cells, including oligodendrocytes in demyelinated lesions. In this study, we searched for factors able to enhance this spontaneous recruitment of endogenous progenitors. Previous studies have suggested that epidermal growth factor (EGF) could stimulate proliferation, migration, and glial differentiation of SVZ progenitors. In the present study we examined EGF influence on endogenous SVZ cell participation to brain repair in the context of demyelinated lesions. We induced a focal demyelinated lesion in the corpus callosum by lysolecithin injection and showed that intranasal heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) administration induces a significant increase in SVZ cell proliferation together with a stronger SVZ cell mobilization toward the lesions. Besides, HB-EGF causes a shift of SVZ-derived progenitor cell differentiation toward the astrocytic lineage. However, due to the threefold increase in cell recruitment by EGF treatment, the absolute number of SVZ-derived oligodendrocytes in the lesion of treated mice is higher than in controls. These results suggest that enhancing SVZ cell proliferation could be part of future strategies to promote SVZ progenitor cell mobilization toward brain lesions. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Develop Neurobiol, 2008

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