Dopamine modulation of the In vivo acetylcholine response in the Drosophila mushroom body

Authors

  • Vitold Tsydzik,

    1. Department of Biology, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico 88130
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  • Nicholas J.D. Wright

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biology, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico 88130
    Current affiliation:
    1. Wingate University School of Pharmacy, Box 3087, Wingate, NC28174
    • Department of Biology, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico 88130
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    • Phone: (704)233-8392; Fax: (704)233-8332.


Abstract

Olfactory sensory information in Drosophila is transmitted through antennal lobe projections to Mushroom Body neurons (Kenyon cells) by means of cholinergic synapses. Application of acetylcholine (ACh) and odors produce significant increases in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) in these neurons. Behavioral studies show that Kenyon cell activity is modulated by dopaminergic inputs and this modulation is thought to be the basis for an olfactory conditioned response. However, quantitative assessment of the synaptic inputs to Kenyon cells is currently lacking. To assess neuronal activity under in vivo conditions, we have used the endogenously-expressed camgaroo reporter to measure [Ca2+]i in these neurons. We report here the dose-response relationship of Kenyon cells for ACh and dopamine (DA). Importantly, we also show that simultaneous application of ACh and DA results in a significant decrease in the response to ACh alone. In addition, we show inhibition of the ACh response by cyclic adenosine monophosphate. This is the first quantitative assessment of the effects of these two important transmitters in this system, and it provides an important basis for future analysis of the cellular mechanisms of this well established model for associative olfactory learning. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Develop Neurobiol, 2009

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