SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Anderson RH, Taylor IM. 1972. Development of atrioventricular specialized tissue in human heart. Br Heart J 34: 12051214.
  • Bartram U, Molin DGM, Wisse LJ, Mohamad A, Sanford LP, Doetschman T, Speer CP, Poelmann RE, Gittenberger-de Groot AC. 2001. Double outlet right ventricle and overriding tricuspid valve reflect disturbances of looping, myocardialization, endocardial cushion differentiation, and apoptosis in TGF-β2-knowkout mice. Circulation 103: 27452753.
  • Bursch W, Paffe S. Putz B, Barthel G, Schulte-Hermann R. 1990. Determination of the length of the histological stages of apoptosis in normal liver and in altered hepatic foci of rats. Carcinogenesis 11: 847853.
  • Burton F, Tullett S. 1985. Respiration of avian embryos. Comp Biochem Physiol A 82: 735744.
  • Cheng G, Litchenberg WH, Cole GJ, Mikawa T, Thompson RP, Gourdie RG. 1999. Development of the cardiac conduction system involves recruitment within a multipotent cardiomyogenic lineage. Development 126: 50415049.
  • Chuck E, Freeman D, Watanabe M, Rosenbaum D. 1997. Changing activation sequence in the embryonic chick heart: implications for the development of the His-Purkinje system. Circ Res 81: 470476.
  • Cohen JJ, Duke RC. 1984. Glucocorticoid activation of a calcium-dependent endonuclease in thymocyte nuclei leads to cell death. J Immunol 132: 3842.
  • Crick SJ, Wharton J, Sheppard MN, Royston D, Yacoub MH, Anderson RH, Polak JM. 1994. Innervation of the human cardiac conduction system. A quantitative immunohistochemical and histochemical study. Circulation 89: 16971708.
  • Crick SJ, Sheppard MN, Anderson RH, Polak JM, Wharton J. 1996. A quantitative study of nerve distribution in the conduction system of the guinea pig heart. J Anat 188: 403416.
  • Crick SJ, Sheppard MN, Ho SY, Anderson RH. 1999. Localisation and quantitation of autonomic innervation in the porcine heart I: conduction system. J Anat 195: 341357.
  • Dawes C, Simkiss K. 1969. The acid-base regulation in the blood and extraembryonic fluids of the developing chick embryo. J Exp Biol 50: 7986.
  • Forsgren S. 1988. The distribution of terminal sympathetic nerve fibers in bundle branches and false tendons of the bovine heart. An immunohistochemical and catecholamine histofluorescence study. Anat Embryol (Berl) 177: 437443.
  • Garcia-Pelaez I, Arteaga M. 1993. Experimental study of the development of the truncus arteriosus of the chick embryo heart. I: Time of appearance. Anat Rec 237: 378384.
  • Gavrieli Y, Sherman Y, Ben-Sasson SA. 1992. Identification of programmed cell death in situ via specific labeling of nuclear DNA fragmentation. J Cell Biol 119: 493501.
  • Gourdie RG, Mima T, Thompson RP, Mikawa T. 1995. Terminal diversification of the myocyte lineage generates Purkinje fibers of the cardiac conduction system. Development 121: 14231431.
  • Hamburger V, Hamilton HL. 1951. A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo. J Morphol 88: 4992.
  • Han Y, Dennis JE, Cohen-Gould L, Bader DM, Fischman DA. 1992. Expression of sarcomeric myosin in the presumptive myocardium of chicken embryos occurs within six hours of myocyte commitment. Dev Dyn 193: 257265.
  • Hurle JM, Ojeda JL. 1979. Cell death during the development of the truncus and conus of the chick embryo heart. J Anat 129: 427439.
  • Jacobson MD, Weil M, Raff MC. 1997. Programmed cell death in animal development. Cell 88: 347354.
  • Jaffee OC. 1970. The development of the arterial outflow tract in the chick embryo heart. Anat Rec 158: 3542.
  • Jeffs P, Jaques K, Osmond M. 1992. Cell death in cranial neural crest development. Anat Embryol (Berl) 185: 583588.
  • Lakkis M, Epsein JA. 1998. Neurofibromin modulation of ras activity is required for normal endocardial-mesenchymal transformation in the developing heart. Development 125: 43594367.
  • Manasek F. 1968. Mitosis in developing cardiac muscle. J Cell Biol 37: 191196.
  • Manasek F. 1969. Myocardial cell death in the embryonic chick ventricle. J Embryol Exp Morphol 21: 271284.
  • Manasek F, Nakamura A. 1985. Forces and deformations: their origins and regulation in early development. In FerransV, RosenquistG, WeinsteinC, editors. Cardiac morphogenesis. New York: Elsevier. p 126133.
  • Markwald RR, Fitzharris TP, Manasek FJ. 1977. Structural development of endocardial cushions. Am J Anat 148: 85119.
  • Markwald RR, Trusk T, Moreno-Rodriguez R. 1998. Formation and septation of the tubular heart: integrating the dynamics of morphology with emerging molecular concepts. Boston: Birkhauser.
  • McCabe CF, Gourdie RG, Thompson RP, Cole GJ. 1995. Developmentally regulated neural protein EAP-300 is expressed by myocardium and cardiac neural crest during chick embryogenesis. Dev Dyn 203: 5160.
  • Moorman AFM, Dejong F, Denyn MFJ, Lamers WH. 1998. Development of the cardiac conduction system (review). Circ Res 82: 629644.
  • Mori C, Nakamura N, Kimura S, Irie H, Takigawa T, Shiota K. 1995. Programmed cell death in the interdigital tissue of the fetal mouse limp is apoptosis with DNA fragmentation. Anat Rec 242: 103110.
  • Naruse I, Keino H. 1995. Apoptosis in the developing CNS. Prog Neurobiol 47: 135:155.
  • Ojeda JL, Hurle JM. 1975. Cell death during the formation of tubular heart of the chick embryo. J Embryol Exp Morphol 33: 523534.
  • Okamoto N, Akimoto N, Satow Y, Hidaka N, Miyabara S. 1981. Role of cell death in conal ridges of developing human heart. In: PexiederT, editor. Mechanisms of cardiac morphogenesis and teratogenesis. New York: Raven Press. p 127138.
  • Petrecca K, Shrier A. 1998. Spatial distribution of nerve processes ad beta-adrenoreceptors in the rat atrioventricular node. J Anat 192: 517528.
  • Pexieder T. 1972a. The tissue dynamics of heart morphogenesis. I. The phenomena of cell death. A. Identification and morphology. A Anat Entwicklungsgesch 137: 270284.
  • Pexieder T. 1972b. The tissue dynamics of heart morphogenesis. I. The phenomena of cell death. B. Topography. A Anat Entwicklungsgesch 137: 241253.
  • Pexieder T. 1975. Cell death in the morphogenesis and teratogenesis of the heart. Adv Anat Embryol Cell Biol 51: 399.
  • Poelmann RE, Gittenberger-de Groot AC. 1999, A subpopulation of apoptosis-prone cardiac neural crest cells targets to the venous pole: multiple functions in heart development? Dev Biol 207: 271286.
  • Poelmann R, Mikawa T, Gittenberger-de Groot A. 1998. Neural crest cells in outglow tract septation of the embryonic chicken heart: differentiation and apoptosis. Dev Dyn 212: 373384.
  • Raff MC, Barres BA, Burne JF, Coles HS, Ishizaki Y, Jacobson MD. 1993. Programmed cell death and the control of cell survival: lessons from the nervous system. Science 262: 695700.
  • Rychter Z, Jelinek R. 1971. Progress of vascularization of the ventricular myocardium in the chick embryo. Physiol Bohemoslovaca 20: 131138.
  • Rychter Z, Ostadal B. 1971. Mechanism of the development of coronary arteries in chick embryo. Folia Morphol 19: 113124.
  • Rychter Z, Jelinek R, Marhan O. 1971. Progress of vascularization of the ventricular myocardium in the rat embryo. Physiol Bohemoslovaca 20: 527532.
  • Sanders EJ, Khare MK, Ooi VC, Bellairs R. 1986. An experimental and morphological analysis of the tail bud mesenchyme of the chick embryo. Anat Embryol (Berl) 174: 179185.
  • Saunders JWJ, Gasseling MT, Saunders CS. 1962. Cellular death in morphogenesis of the avian wing. Dev Biol 5: 147178.
  • Sugi Y, Lough J. 11992. Onset of expression and regional deposition of alpha-smooth and sarcomeric actin during avian heart development. Dev Dyn 193: 116124.
  • Surth CD, Sprent J. 1994. T-cell apoptosis detected in situ during positive and negative selection in the thymus. Nature 372: 100103.
  • Thompson R, Fitzharris T. 1985. Division of cardiac outflow. In: FerransV, RosenquistG, WeinsteinC, editors. Cardiac morphogenesis. New York: Elsevier. p 169180.
  • Thompson RP, Wong Y-MM, Fitzharris TP. 1984. Patterns of tensile stress in the developing cardiac truncus. In: TakaoA, editor. Congenital heart disease: causes and processes. Mt. Kisco, NY: Futura Publishing Co. p 387400.
  • Thompson RP, Sumida H, Abercrombie V, Satow Y, Fitzharris TP, Okamoto N. 1985. Morphogenesis of human cardiac outflow. Anat Rec 213: 538586.
  • Thompson R, Lindroth J, Wong Y. 1990. Regional differences in DNA-synthetic activity in the preseptation myocardium of the chick. IN: ClarkE, TakaoA, editors. Developmental cardiology: morphogenesis and function. Mt. Kisco, NY: Futura Publishing Co. p 219234.
  • Thompson RP, Kanai T, Germroth PG, Gourdie RG, Thomas PS, Barton PJR, Mikawa T, Anderson RH. 1995. Organization and function of early specialized myocardium. In: ClarkEB, MarkwaldRR, TakaoA, editors. Developmental mechanisms of congenital heart disease. Armonk, NY: Futura Publishing Co. p 269279.
  • Tone S, Tanaka S, Minatogawa Y, Kido R. 1994. DNA fragmentation during the programmed cell death in the chick limb buds. Exp Cell Res 215: 234236.
  • Verberne ME, Gittenberger-de Groot AC, Poelmann RE. 2000. Distribution of antigen epitopes shared by nerves and the myocardium of the embryonic chick heart using different neuronal markers. Anat Rec 260: 335350.
  • Watanabe M, Choudhry A, Berlan M, Singal A, Siwik E, Mohr S, Fisher S. 1998. Developmental remodeling and shortening of the cardiac outflow tract involves myocyte programmed cell death. Development 125: 38093820.
  • White P. 1974. Experimental studies on the circulatory system of the late chick embryo. J Exp Biol 61: 571592.
  • Windle W, Barcroft J. 1938. Some factors governing initiation of respiration in the chick. Am J Physiol 121: 684691.