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Keywords:

  • Drosophila;
  • oogenesis;
  • follicle cells;
  • epithelium;
  • morphogenesis

Abstract

Epithelial cells use a striking array of morphogenetic behaviors to sculpt organs and body plans during development. Although it is clear that epithelial morphogenesis is largely driven by cytoskeletal rearrangements and changes in cell adhesion, little is known about how these processes are coordinated to construct complex biological structures from simple sheets of cells. The follicle cell epithelium of the Drosophila egg chamber exhibits a diverse range of epithelial movements in a genetically accessible tissue, making it an outstanding system for the study of epithelial morphogenesis. In this review, we move chronologically through the process of oogenesis, highlighting the dynamic movements of the follicle cells. We discuss the cellular architecture and patterning events that set the stage for morphogenesis, detail individual cellular movements, and focus on current knowledge of the cellular processes that drive follicle cell behavior. Developmental Dynamics 232:559–574, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.