• organ;
  • hindgut;
  • Malpighian tubule;
  • foregut;
  • proventriculus;
  • salivary gland;
  • trachea;
  • morphogenesis;
  • Drosophila;
  • tube;
  • lumen


Epithelial and endothelial tubes come in various shapes and sizes and form the basic units of many tubular organs. During embryonic development, single unbranched tubes as well as highly branched networks of tubes form from simple sheets of cells by several morphogenic movements. Studies of tube formation in the Drosophila embryo have greatly advanced our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which tubes are formed. This review highlights recent progress on formation of the hindgut, Malpighian tubules, proventriculus, salivary gland, and trachea of the Drosophila embryo, focusing on the cellular events that form each tube and their genetic requirements. Developmental Dynamics 232:617–632, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.