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Keywords:

  • protocadherin 10;
  • paraxial protocadherin;
  • paraxial mesoderm;
  • somitogenesis;
  • adaxial cells;
  • Danio rerio;
  • molecular cloning;
  • in situ hybridization;
  • morpholino

Abstract

Here, we present the first report of the molecular cloning of zebrafish protocadherin 10 (Pcdh10, OL-protocadherin) and describe its functional analyses in the development of segmental plate. Epitope-tagged Pcdh10 expressed in embryos was localized on cell peripheries of adjacent cells. In situ hybridization showed that pcdh10 was expressed in the paraxial mesoderm (PAM) and developing somites, and in the pineal body, the diencephalon, and the vicinity of otocysts. Expression in PAM increased in the last few presumptive somites, reached the maximum level in the latest segmenting somites, and decreased thereafter during somite maturation. These expression patterns suggested that Pcdh10 is involved in development of PAM and somites. This was confirmed by morpholino knockdown and dominant-negative inhibition of Pcdh10 in embryos, which disturbed movements of PAM cells and somite segmentation. Comparative studies showed that pcdh10 expression lasted up to approximately three times longer in maturing somites than that of paraxial protocadherin (pcdh8). They also indicated that the adaxial cells expressed pcdh8 but not pcdh10. We propose that Pcdh10 is involved in the morphogenic movements of PAM cells and somite segmentation and that differential adhesion of Pcdh8 and Pcdh10 plays a role in the morphogenic machinery of somites and adaxial cells. Developmental Dynamics 235:506–514, 2006. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.