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Keywords:

  • Danio rerio;
  • zebrafish;
  • neurulation;
  • neuroepithelial polarity;
  • spindle orientation;
  • asymmetric localization;
  • Numb;
  • Numblike;
  • PTB domain;
  • PRR

Abstract

In the neural plate and tube of the zebrafish embryo, cells divide with their mitotic spindles oriented parallel to the plane of the neuroepithelium, whilst in the neural keel and rod, the spindle is oriented perpendicular to it. This change is achieved by a 90° rotation of the mitotic spindle. We cloned zebrafish homologues of the gene for the Drosophila cell fate determinant Numb, and analyzed the localization of EGFP fusion proteins in vivo in dividing neuroepithelial cells during neurulation. Whereas Numb isoform 3 and the related protein Numblike are localized in the cytoplasm, Numb isoform 1 is localized to the cell membrane. Time-lapse analyses showed that Numb 1 is distributed uniformly around the cell cortex in dividing cells during plate and keel stages, but becomes localized at the basolateral membrane of some dividing cells during the transition from neural rod to tube. Using in vitro mutagenesis and Numb:EGFP deletion constructs, we showed that the first 196 amino acids of Numb are sufficient for this localization. Furthermore, we found that an 11–amino acid insertion in the PTB domain is essential for localization to the cortex, whereas amino acids 2–12 mediate the basolateral localization in the neural tube stage. Developmental Dynamics 235:934–948, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.