Patterns & Phenotypes
Characterization of three synuclein genes in Xenopus laevis
Article first published online: 14 JUL 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 240, Issue 8, pages 2028–2033, August 2011
How to Cite
Wang, C., Liu, Y., Chan, W. Y., Chan, S. O., Grunz, H. and Zhao, H. (2011), Characterization of three synuclein genes in Xenopus laevis. Dev. Dyn., 240: 2028–2033. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.22693
- Issue published online: 14 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 14 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 JUN 2011
- Research Grants Council of Hong Kong. Grant Number: CUHK480709
- expression pattern;
- Parkinson's disease
The synuclein family consists of three small intracellular proteins mainly expressed in neural tissues, and has been associated with human neurodegenerative diseases. We have examined the spatial and temporal expression patterns of three synuclein genes during embryogenesis of Xenopus laevis. The Xenopus synucleins were firstly expressed in the developing nervous system at the tail bud stages. At tadpole stages, Xenopus snca was expressed in the brain, branchial arch and somite, and sncbb signals were detected in entire brain and spinal cord. However, sncg was only expressed in the peripheral nervous system including trigeminal nerve and dorsal root ganglion. RT-PCR indicated that expression of synucleins was up-regulated at the end of neurulation, and then maintained at later examined stages. Our study provides the spatiotemporal expression patterns of the synuclein family genes in Xenopus embryos, and forms a basis for further functional analysis of synucleins. Developmental Dynamics 240:2028–2033, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.