Molecular genetics of Delta, a locus required for ectodermal differentiation in Drosophila
Article first published online: 6 FEB 2005
Copyright © 1989 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 10, Issue 3, pages 261–272, 1989
How to Cite
Alton, A. K., Fechtel, K., Kopczynski, C. C., Shepard, S. B., Kooh, P. J. and Muskavitch, M. A. T. (1989), Molecular genetics of Delta, a locus required for ectodermal differentiation in Drosophila. Dev. Genet., 10: 261–272. doi: 10.1002/dvg.1020100315
- Issue published online: 6 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 6 FEB 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 NOV 1988
- Manuscript Received: 26 AUG 1988
- Neurogenic gene;
- Blood coagulation factor IX;
- Epidermal growth factor;
- Gene interactions
Delta (Dl) is one of the six known zygotic neurogenic genes, each of which is essential for proper segregation of the embryonic ectoderm into neural and epidermal lineages. Molecular analysis of Dl reveals that it is a transcriptionally complex locus that yields multiple maternal and zygotic transcripts. DNA sequence analysis suggests that the predominant product of the locus is a putative transmembrane protein exhibiting homology to blood coagulation factors and epidermal growth factor of vertebrates. The structure of this product is consistent with the hypothesis that Dl participates in cell-cell interactions that are central to establishment of the epidermal lineage within the developing ectoderm. Genetic analyses demonstrate that Dl mutations can modify the imaginal phenotypes that result from heterozygosity for Notch (N) mutations as well as the interaction between particular alleles of Notch (N) and Enhancer of split [E(spl)] two other members of the neurogenic gene set. Vital interactions also occur between Dl and N. Given the structures of products encoded by N, Dl, and E(spl), we suggest that the synergistic phenotypic interactions observed among mutations in these three loci result from physical, as opposed to regulatory, interactions.