SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Berrill NJ. 1955. The origin of the vertebrates. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Bishop CD,Burke RD. 2007. Ontogeny of the holothurian larval nervous system: Evolution of larval forms. Dev Genes Evol 217: 585592.
  • Bourlat SJ,Juliusdottir T,Lowe CJ,Freeman R,Aronowicz J,Kirschner M,Lander ES,Thorndyke M,Nakano H,Kohn AB,Heyland A,Moroz LL,Copley RR,Telford MJ. 2006. Deuterostome phylogeny reveals monophyletic chordates and the new phylum Xenoturbellida. Nature 444: 8588.
  • Bourlat SJ,Nielsen C,Lockyer AE,Littlewood DT,Telford MJ. 2003. Xenoturbella is a deuterostome that eats molluscs. Nature 424: 925928.
  • Brusca RC,Brusca GJ. 2003. Invertebrates, 2nd ed. Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates.
  • Cameron CB,Garey JR,Swalla BJ. 2000. Evolution of the chordate body plan: New insights from phylogenetic analyses of appendicularians. Genesis 29: 3645.
  • Poss SG,Boschung HT. 1996. Lancelets (Cephalochordata: Branchiostomatidae): How many species are valid? Isr J Zool 42: 1366.
  • Presley R,Horder TJ,Slipka J. 1996. Lancelet development as evidence of ancestral chordate structure. Isr J Zool 42( Suppl.): S97S116.
  • Putnam NH,Butts T,Ferrier DE,Furlong RF,Hellsten U,Kawashima T,Robinson-Rechavi M,Shoguchi E,Terry A,Yu JK,Benito-Gutiérrez EL,Dubchak I,Garcia-Fernàndez J,Gibson-Brown JJ,Grigoriev IV,Horton AC,de Jong PJ,Jurka J,Kapitonov VV,Kohara Y,Kuroki Y,Lindquist E,Lucas S,Osoegawa K,Pennacchio LA,Salamov AA,Satou Y,Sauka-Spengler T,Schmutz J,Shin-I T,Toyoda A,Bronner-Fraser M,Fujiyama A,Holland LZ,Holland PWH,Satoh N,Rokhsar DS. 2008. The amphioxus genome and the evolution of the chordate karyotype. Nature 453: 10641071
  • Romer AS. 1967. Major steps in vertebrate evolution. Science 158: 16291637.
  • Ruppert EE. 1997. Cephalochordata (Acrania). In: HarrisonFW, editor. Microscopic anatomy of invertebrates. New York: Willey-Liss. pp 349504.
  • Salvini-Plawen L. 1999. On the phylogenetic significance of the neurenteric canal (Chordata). Zoology (Jena) 102: 175183.
  • Satoh N. 1994. Developmental biology of Ascidians. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Satoh N. 2003. The ascidian tadpole larva: Comparative molecular development and genomics. Nat Rev Genet 4: 285295.
  • Satoh N,Jeffery WR. 1995. Chasing tails in ascidians: Developmental insights into the origin and evolution of chordates. Trends Genet 11: 354359.
  • Schaeffer B. 1987. Deuterostome monophyly and phylogeny. Evol Biol 21: 179235.
  • Sea urchin genome sequencing consortium. 2006. The genome of thesea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Science 314: 941952.
  • Seo H-C,Kube M,Edvardsen RB,Jensen MF,Beck A,Spriet E,Gorsky G,Thompson EM,Lehrach H,Reinhardt R,Chourrout D. 2001. Miniature genome in the marine chordate Oikopleura dioica. Science 294: 2506.
  • Shu DG,Morris SC,Zhang X-L. 1996. A Pikaia-like chordate from the lower Cambrian of China. Nature 384: 157158.
  • Smith MS,Zigler KS,Raff RA. 2007. Evolution of direct-developing larvae: Selection vs loss. Bioessays 29: 566571.
  • Suzuki MM,Satoh N. 2000. Genes expressed in the amphioxus notochord revealed by EST analysis. Dev Biol 224: 168177.
  • Swalla BJ. 2006. Building divergent body plans with similar genetic pathways. Heredity 97: 235243.
  • Swalla BJ,Smith AB. 2008. Deciphering Deuterostome phylogeny: Molecular, morphological, and palaeontological perspectives. Phil Trans R Soc B 363: 15571568.
  • Takacs CM,Moy VN,Peterson KJ. 2002. Testing putative hemichordate homologues of the chordate dorsal nervous system and endostyle: Expression of NK2.1 (TTF-1) in the acorn worm Ptychodera flava (Hemichordata Ptychoderidae). Evol Dev 4: 405417.
  • Tokioka T. 1971. Phylogenetic speculation of the Tunicata. Publ Seto Mar Biol Lab 19: 4363.
  • Turbeville JM,Schulz JR,Raff RA. 1994. Deuterostome phylogeny and the sister group of the chordates: Evidence from molecules and morphology. Mol Biol Evol 11: 648655.
  • Wada H,Satoh N. 1994. Details of the evolutionary history from invertebrates to vertebrates, as deduced from the sequences of 18S rDNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 18011804.
  • Whittaker JR. 1997. Cephalochordates,the Lancelets. In: GilbertSF,RaunioAM, editors. Embryology: Constructing the organism. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates. pp 365381.
  • Willmer P. 1990. Invertebrate relationships. Patterns in animal evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Winchell CJ,Sullivan J,Cameron CB,Swalla BJ,Mallatt J. 2002. Evaluating hypotheses of deuterostome phylogeny and chordate evolution with new LSU and SSU ribosomal DNA data. Mol Biol Evol 19: 762776.