Eating attitudes in english secondary school students: Influences of ethnicity, gender, mood, and social class
Article first published online: 26 DEC 2001
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 31, Issue 1, pages 92–96, January 2002
How to Cite
Thomas, C. L., James, A. C. and Bachmann, M. O. (2002), Eating attitudes in english secondary school students: Influences of ethnicity, gender, mood, and social class. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 31: 92–96. doi: 10.1002/eat.10000
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 26 DEC 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 DEC 2000
- United Kingdom
To examine the effects of ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic position, self-esteem, and emotion on eating attitudes in adolescents.
Questionnaire survey of 722 students in two English schools, using Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Angold vMood and Feeling instruments.
EAT scores were significantly higher for Asians and Muslims and for mixed-race subjects than for White or African Caribbean subjects (p = .003). Adjusted odds ratios for having a very high EAT score (>20) were 2.4 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0–6.0) in Asians and Muslims and 2.9 (95% CI 1.3–18.6) in mixed-race subjects, compared with White subjects. Having only one parent employed was also independently associated with a very high EAT score, compared with having both parents employed. Similar associations were found for a moderately high EAT score (>10) and for a combination of low self-esteem and high EAT score. Low self-esteem and depressed mood were independently associated with a high EAT score.
Ethnicity, socioeconomic position, self-esteem, and depression, but not gender, were independently associated with eating attitudes. Effects of cultural and socioeconomic stresses on eating disorders may be mediated through depressed mood and low self-esteem. © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 31: 92–96, 2002.