A longitudinal study of the development of dieting among 7–17-year-old Swedish girls
Article first published online: 26 DEC 2001
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 31, Issue 1, pages 32–42, January 2002
How to Cite
Halvarsson, K., Lunner, K., Westerberg, J., Anteson, F. and Sjödén, P.-O. (2002), A longitudinal study of the development of dieting among 7–17-year-old Swedish girls. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 31: 32–42. doi: 10.1002/eat.10004
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 26 DEC 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 MAR 2001
- The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation
- dieting behavior;
- eating attitudes;
- multicohort longitudinal design;
To examine the extent to which the prevalence of self-reported dieting and the wish to be thinner changed in 7–15-year-old girls over a 3-year period, and to explore potential differences between cohorts recruited in 1995 and 1999. In addition, changes in eating attitudes (Children’s Eating Attitudes Test [ChEAT]) were compared between 1995 and 1999.
A three-wave longitudinal study including girls (n = 1,076–1,279) in five age groups (7, 9, 11, 13, 15, the Main Cohort) and an age-matched cross-sectional sample consisting of 1,759 girls (the Societal Cohort).
A marked increase of the wish to be thinner was evident in the 10–14-year-old age range and significant increases in dieting attempts occurred mainly among 9–13-year-old girls. ChEAT scores were significantly higher among 11-year-olds in 1999 than in 1995. However, more 7-year-olds scored above the ChEAT cutoff (≥15) in 1995 compared with 1999.
There was an increasing trend in the wish to be thinner and in dieting attempts among 9–14-year-olds. Attitudes and behaviors associated with disturbed eating had increased between 1995 and 1999 only among the 11-year- olds. © 2002 John Wiley& Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 31: 32–42, 2002.