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Keywords:

  • exercise status;
  • sexual orientation;
  • body image disturbance

Abstract

Objective

This study evaluated the moderating effects of sexual orientation and exercise status on measures of body image and eating disturbance in a sample of men.

Method

One hundred and thirty-four men completed measures designed to index a range of body image facets (ideals, actual, partner's preference, overall dissatisfaction), eating disturbance (restrictive and bulimic levels), and overall self-esteem.

Results

There were few significant effects as a function of exercise status or sexual orientation. Bodybuilders were more satisfied on a global measure of body image and had a higher ideal and actual upper torso size rating. Gay men had a smaller actual upper torso rating than heterosexual men, but ideal size upper torso did not differ as a function of sexual orientation.

Discussion

Findings are discussed in terms of methodological limits of previous work and future examinations of moderating factors for body image and eating disturbance in men. © 2002 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 31: 307–311, 2002; DOI 10.1002/eat.10031