Self-esteem, personality, and eating disorders: Baseline assessment of a prospective population-based cohort
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 261–273, April 2002
How to Cite
Gual, P., Pérez-Gaspar, M., Martínez-González, M. A., Lahortiga, F., Irala-Estévez, J. d. and Cervera-Enguix, S. (2002), Self-esteem, personality, and eating disorders: Baseline assessment of a prospective population-based cohort. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 31: 261–273. doi: 10.1002/eat.10040
- Issue published online: 14 MAR 2002
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAY 2001
- eating disorders;
To study the relationship of self-esteem and personality factors with eating disorders (ED).
A region-wide representative sample of 2862 girls 12–21 years old from Navarre (Spain) participated in the baseline assessment of a prospective study. A two-stage procedure was used, consisting in a first screening phase followed by a psychiatrist interview (DSM-IV criteria). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the association of self-esteem (36-item scale) and personality characteristics (Eysenck inventory) with psychiatrist-diagnosed ED while controlling for potential confounders.
Strong associations for ED were found with low self-esteem (adjusted odds ratio [adjOR] for the lowest quartile: 7.98, 95% CI: 3.4–18.8) and high levels of neuroticism (adjOR for the highest quartile: 9.49, 95% Cl: 3.7–24.5).
Our results, although based on a cross-sectional design, support the potential role of neuroticism and low self-esteem in the onset of ED. © 2002 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 31: 261–273, 2002; DOI 10.1002/eat.10040