The effects of psychoeducation on disturbed eating attitudes and behavior in young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Authors


  • Presented at the 57th annual meeting of the American Diabetes Association, Boston, June 1997, at the third annual meeting of the Eating Disorders Research Society, Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 1997, and at the eighth New York International Conference on Eating Disorders, New York, April 1998.

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a six-session psychoeducation (PE) program on young women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and disordered eating attitudes and behavior.

Method

Two hundred twelve young women attending a pediatric diabetes clinic were screened for signs of eating disturbance. Of these women, 130 passed the screening and were invited to participate in the intervention phase of the study. Eighty-five subjects were randomized to the PE or treatment-as-usual group. Assessments were conducted before and after treatment and at 6-month follow-up.

Results

Intention-to-treat group by time multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs) indicated significant reductions following PE treatment on the Restraint and Eating Concern subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) and on the Drive for Thinness and Body Dissatisfaction subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), but no improvement in frequency of purging by insulin omission or hemoglobin A1c levels.

Discussion

The PE group was associated with reductions in eating disturbance, but not with improved metabolic control. © 2002 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 32: 230–239, 2002.

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