SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • anorexia;
  • causes;
  • recovery;
  • family;
  • outcome

Abstract

Objective

We explored anorexic patients' subjective accounts of the causes of their anorexia and of the factors that fostered recovery. Subjective accounts could assist in understanding this complicated and often intractable disorder.

Method

All female new referrals to an eating disorders service underwent extensive interviews including open-ended questions about their beliefs concerning the causes of their anorexia nervosa and factors that led to recovery. Responses were categorized by two independent raters.

Results

The most commonly mentioned perceived causes were dysfunctional families, weight loss and dieting, and stressful experiences and perceived pressure. The three most commonly cited factors contributing to recovery were supportive nonfamilial relationships, therapy, and maturation.

Discussion

Individuals with anorexia nervosa perceive both external (family environment) and personal factors (dieting and stress) as contributory to their disorders. The results underscore the importance of interpersonal factors in recovery from anorexia nervosa and suggest that attention to this area in treatment may be beneficial. © 2003 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 33: 143–154, 2003.