Gender differences in implicit weight identity
Version of Record online: 21 MAY 2003
Copyright © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Special Issue: Featuring Abstracts from the 2003 International Conference on Eating Disorders
Volume 34, Issue 1, pages 125–135, July 2003
How to Cite
Grover, V. P., Keel, P. K. and Mitchell, J. P. (2003), Gender differences in implicit weight identity. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 34: 125–135. doi: 10.1002/eat.10167
- Issue online: 21 MAY 2003
- Version of Record online: 21 MAY 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 MAY 2002
- body image;
- social cognition
This study examined gender differences in explicit and implicit attitudes toward overweight and explicit and implicit weight identity.
Normal weight women (n=22) and men (n=20) and overweight women (n=20) and men (n=21) completed the Implicit Association Test and portions of the Eating Disorders Questionnaire.
Although explicit and implicit anti-fat attitudes were ubiquitous, gender differences emerged for weight identity. Both men and women provided accurate explicit appraisals of their weight status. However, men implicitly identified themselves as light regardless of actual weight status. Women's implicit weight identity was associated with their actual weight status, explicit weight appraisal, and implicit self-esteem.
These findings may provide additional insight into why men are underrepresented among those seeking weight loss and why women are at increased risk for developing eating disorders. © 2003 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 34: 125–135, 2003.