Personality and anorexia nervosa

Authors

  • Stephen A. Wonderlich PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota
    2. Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota
    • *Correspondence to: Stephen A. Wonderlich, PhD, Department of Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 1919 Elm Street North, Fargo, ND 58102
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  • Lisa R. Lilenfeld PhD,

    1. Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia
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  • Lawrence P. Riso PhD,

    1. Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia
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  • Scott Engel PhD,

    1. Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota
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  • James E. Mitchell MD

    1. Department of Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota
    2. Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota
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Abstract

We provided a selective review of the relationship between anorexia nervosa (AN) and personality. They reviewed the existing empirical literature examining the relationship between AN and personality. In spite of continued methodologic challenges related to personality assessment, there appears to be a relatively common phenotype in restricting-type AN characterized by high degrees of obsessionality, restraint, and perfectionism. However, there is also evidence of variability within the AN diagnostic category that is related to personality variables. Importantly, personality variables may significantly predict the course and outcome of AN. Personality variables may be risk factors for AN, consequences of AN, share a common cause with AN, or affect the course and outcome of AN. This literature would be enhanced by the articulation of conceptual models of these relationships that can be empirically tested. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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