How do eating disorders and alcohol use disorder influence each other?
Article first published online: 7 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 200–207, November 2005
How to Cite
Franko, D. L., Dorer, D. J., Keel, P. K., Jackson, S., Manzo, M. P. and Herzog, D. B. (2005), How do eating disorders and alcohol use disorder influence each other?. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 38: 200–207. doi: 10.1002/eat.20178
- Issue published online: 26 OCT 2005
- Article first published online: 7 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 APR 2005
- eating disorders;
- alcohol abuse;
- alcohol use disorder
Although eating disorders and alcohol use disorder (AUD) are known to co-occur, the influence of one on the other has not been studied.
In a prospective study, women diagnosed with either anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 136) or bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 110) were interviewed and assessed for Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) AUD every 6–12 months over 8.6 years.
Over one fourth of the sample (n = 66 [27%]) reported a lifetime history of AUD. Ten percent of the study subjects (n = 24) developed AUD over the course of the study. AUD did not influence recovery from either eating disorder. Poor psychosocial functioning and history of substance use predicted prospective onset of an episode of AUD for both diagnostic groups. Unique predictors for AUD for women with AN were depression, overconcern with body image, and vomiting. Recovery from AUD was predicted by group therapy and hospitalization (women with AN) and individual therapy and exercise (women with BN).
The influence of eating disorders on AUD appears to be greater than the reverse. A substantial number of patients who initially present with an eating disorder develop alcohol problems over the course of time, suggesting that the risk is an ongoing one that should be monitored by clinicians. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.