Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in ballet students: Examination of environmental and individual risk factors
Article first published online: 6 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 263–268, November 2005
How to Cite
Thomas, J. J., Keel, P. K. and Heatherton, T. F. (2005), Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in ballet students: Examination of environmental and individual risk factors. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 38: 263–268. doi: 10.1002/eat.20185
- Issue published online: 26 OCT 2005
- Article first published online: 6 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JUL 2004
- eating disorders
The current study compared the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent ballet dancers at national, regional, and local schools.
Female ballet students (N = 239; mean age = 15.0 ± 1.5 years) from five geographically disparate summer programs completed the Eating Dis-order Inventory (EDI) and answered questions regarding eating disorder symptoms.
Students from both national and local schools reported significantly higher EDI total, Drive for Thinness, and Perfectionism scores compared with regional students. In contrast, national students reported significantly greater dieting scores and lifetime histories of self-induced vomiting compared with regional and local students.
Eating pathology among adolescent ballet dancers may be a function of both genetic and environmental risk. Dancers who exhibit high levels of perfectionism and, perhaps consequently, place themselves in highly competitive environments, may exhibit a significantly increased risk for disordered eating in comparison to dancers who are less perfectionistic and/or place themselves in less competitive environments. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.