A naturalistic evaluation of the relation between dietary restraint, the urge to binge, and actual binge eating: A clarification
Article first published online: 17 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 355–360, December 2005
How to Cite
Engelberg, M. J., Gauvin, L. and Steiger, H. (2005), A naturalistic evaluation of the relation between dietary restraint, the urge to binge, and actual binge eating: A clarification. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 38: 355–360. doi: 10.1002/eat.20186
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 17 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 DEC 2004
- naturalistic evaluation;
- dietary restraint;
- binge eating;
- eating disorders
The current study attempted to characterize the natural course of events linking dietary restraint to urges to binge and actual binge episodes.
Using preprogrammed, hand-held computers, 39 women with bulimia-spectrum eating disorders monitored ongoing eating episodes, dietary restraint, and binge cravings over a 7–29-day interval.
Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that restraint was not systematically elevated before binging. However, elevated restraint preceded strong binge cravings.
Results suggest that dietary restraint may contribute to binge cravings, but may not be a direct antecedent to binge episodes. Such findings are consistent with restraint theory, which suggests that dietary restraint potentiates binging, but does not necessarily trigger its occurrence. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.