Evidence for attentional bias in women exhibiting bulimotypic symptoms
Article first published online: 17 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 39, Issue 1, pages 55–61, January 2006
How to Cite
Maner, J. K., Holm-Denoma, J. M., Van Orden, K. A., Gailliot, M. T., Gordon, K. H. and Joiner, T. E. (2006), Evidence for attentional bias in women exhibiting bulimotypic symptoms. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 39: 55–61. doi: 10.1002/eat.20222
- Issue published online: 12 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 17 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 MAY 2005
- attentional bias;
- disordered eating;
- attractive women
One of the defining features of bulimia is a pervasive tendency to focus on and evaluate one's own body. The extent to which bulimotypic symptoms are associated with biases in attention to other individuals in the social world is less well known. In the current study, we examined the relation between bulimotypic symptoms and biases in attention to other men and women.
A sample of undergraduate women performed a visual cueing task designed to assess attention to target faces varying in their gender and level of attractiveness.
Women with relatively high levels of bulimotypic symptomatology tended to dwell on attractive female faces, but not other faces. This attentional bias was not attributable to perfectionistic ideals, body dissatisfaction, or self-esteem.
Findings could reflect a link between disordered eating and the perception of competitive threat in other attractive women. © 2005 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.