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Keywords:

  • female athlete triad;
  • disordered eating;
  • energy availability;
  • amenorrhea;
  • osteoporosis

Abstract

The female athlete triad consists of the interrelated problems of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, and it is believed to affect female athletes in all sports and at all levels of competition.

Objective:

The current article highlights the Position Stand on the Female Athlete Triad of the International Olympic Committee's Medical Commission (IOCMC).

Method:

The literature related to disordered eating, energy availability, amenorrhea, and bone loss in athletes is briefly reviewed. A hypothetical case is presented to illustrate some of the common issues and problems encountered when working with athletes affected by the triad, such as the effect of weight on performance in “thin” sports, coach involvement, sport participation by symptomatic athletes, and treatment resistance/motivation.

Results:

Strategies recommended by the position stand for managing those issues and problems are presented regarding the referral, evaluation, and treatment phases of the management process.

Conclusion:

Implications of the position stand are discussed in terms of the IOCMC's endorsement of the athlete's health being primary to her performance. © 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., Int J Eat Disord, 2006