Artificial sweetener use among individuals with eating disorders
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 39, Issue 4, pages 341–345, May 2006
How to Cite
Klein, D. A., Boudreau, G. S., Devlin, M. J. and Walsh, B. T. (2006), Artificial sweetener use among individuals with eating disorders. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 39: 341–345. doi: 10.1002/eat.20260
- Issue published online: 24 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 APR 2005
- National Institute of Mental Health grants. Grant Numbers: MH-65024, MH-42206, MH-15144
- eating disorders;
- artificial sweetener;
- anorexia nervosa;
- bulimia nervosa;
- chewing gum;
- diet beverages
Women with eating disorders report using large quantities of artificially sweetened products, but this has not been quantified.
The authors assessed the use of selected artificially sweetened low-calorie products among women with eating disorders compared with controls.
Thirty women with anorexia nervosa (18 with the restricting subtype [AN-R] and 12 with the binge/purge subtype [AN-B/P]), 48 women with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 32 healthy control women completed a survey of frequency and amount of consumption of chewing gum, artificially sweetened low-calorie beverages, and packets of artificial sweetener in the previous month.
A greater proportion of women with AN-B/P and BN reported use of each product, compared with women with AN-R and control participants. Among product users, patients with eating disorders reported using greater amounts than controls. Among patients who reported binge eating and/or purging, the quantity of each product used was inversely correlated with body mass index (BMI).
These data suggest an increased drive for sweet orosensory stimulation in women with AN and BN. © 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., Int J Eat Disord, 2006