Body checking in the eating disorders: Associations between cognitions and behaviors
Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 39, Issue 8, pages 708–715, December 2006
How to Cite
Mountford, V., Haase, A. and Waller, G. (2006), Body checking in the eating disorders: Associations between cognitions and behaviors. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 39: 708–715. doi: 10.1002/eat.20279
- Issue online: 24 OCT 2006
- Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 DEC 2005
- eating disorders;
- body checking;
Body checking behaviors appear to be a manifestation of the cognitive distortions that are central to the maintenance of the eating disorders. However, there is little understanding of the cognitions that drive these behaviors. This study validates a novel measure of such cognitions (Body Checking Cognitions Scale [BCCS]) and examines the association between body checking cognitions, body checking behaviors, and general eating pathology.
Eighty-four eating-disordered women and 205 non-eating-disordered women each completed measures of body checking behaviors, body checking cognitions and eating pathology. A further 130 nonclinical women completed the measures to provide an independent cross-validation sample for the BCCS.
The BCCS was reliable and valid, and cross-validation with an independent sample confirmed the four-factor structure. Eating-disordered women were significantly more likely to experience body checking cognitions than healthy women. Those cognitions were associated with a significant proportion of variance in eating pathology, over and above the variance explained by checking behaviors.
This study provides evidence for a range of beliefs underlying body checking behavior in eating-disordered women, suggesting that interventions addressing those beliefs might be pertinent in some cases. © 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2006; 39:708–715