Portions of this manuscript were presented at the 2005 International Conference on Eating Disorders, Montreal, Canada and the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Eating Disorders Research Society, Toronto, Canada.
Relationships between perfectionism and specific disordered eating behaviors†
Article first published online: 6 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 40, Issue 1, pages 37–41, January 2007
How to Cite
Forbush, K., Heatherton, T. F. and Keel, P. K. (2007), Relationships between perfectionism and specific disordered eating behaviors. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 40: 37–41. doi: 10.1002/eat.20310
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 6 SEP 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 APR 2006
- National Institute for Mental Health. Grant Number: MH R01 63758
- P1 Pamela Keel
- disordered eating;
- eating disorders
Perfectionism has been reported as a specific risk factor for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, but not binge eating disorder. This study examined whether these differences are due to differential associations between perfectionism and specific eating disorder behaviors.
Participants (N = 2,482) completed the eating disorders inventory perfectionism scale and a questionnaire assessing eating disorder symptoms.
Perfectionism was associated with an array of disordered eating behaviors in women. However, associations were strongest for fasting and purging. Further, the association between binge eating and perfectionism was statistically mediated by fasting. In men, perfectionism was significantly associated only with fasting, and this association was greater than associations with other disordered eating behaviors.
Results explain why previous studies have reported weak or inconsistent associations between perfectionism and binge eating and may inform etiological models of EDNOS characterized by fasting or purging. © 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2006