Attentional bias in eating disorders
Article first published online: 28 FEB 2007
Copyright © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 40, Issue 4, pages 369–380, May 2007
How to Cite
Shafran, R., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., Palmer, R. L. and Fairburn, C. G. (2007), Attentional bias in eating disorders. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 40: 369–380. doi: 10.1002/eat.20375
- Issue published online: 28 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 28 FEB 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JAN 2007
- The Wellcome Trust. Grant Number: 063209
- The Wellcome Trust. Grant Number: 046386
- attentional bias;
- eating disorders;
- dot probe task
To examine the relationship between eating disorders and attentional biases.
The first study comprised 23 female patients with clinical eating disorders, women with high levels ofanxiety (n = 19), and three female normal control groups comprising low (n = 31), moderate (n = 21), or high levels of shape concern (n = 23). The second study comprised 82 women with clinical eating disorders and 44 healthy controls. All participants completed measures of eating disorder psychopathology and completed a modified pictorial dot-probe task.
In the first study, biases were found for negative eating and neutral weight pictures, and for positive eating pictures in women with eating disorders; these biases were greater than those found in anxious and normal controls. The second study replicated these findings and biases were also found for negative and neutral shape stimuli.
It is concluded that future research should establish whether such biases warrant specific therapeutic interventions. © 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2007