Risk factors for binge-eating disorders: An exploratory study
Article first published online: 15 JUN 2007
Copyright © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 40, Issue 6, pages 481–487, September 2007
How to Cite
Striegel-Moore, R. H., Dohm, F.-A., Kraemer, H. C., Schreiber, G. B., Taylor, C. B. and Daniels, S. R. (2007), Risk factors for binge-eating disorders: An exploratory study. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 40: 481–487. doi: 10.1002/eat.20400
- Issue published online: 27 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 15 JUN 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAR 2007
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: MH-57897
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease
- risk factors;
- binge eating disorder;
- bulimia nervosa
This study examined a broad range of childhood risk factors for binge-eating disorders (bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder, BN/BED), utilizing data that had been collected prospectively in the 10-year National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study.
Forty-five women with a history of BED/BN (with onset age > 14 and <20 years) and 1,515 women who did not have a history of an eating disorder were included.
Signal detection analysis indicated a single pathway that identified ∼13% of the BED/BN cases. The pathway was based on an elevated level of perceived stress prior to the age of 14.
Our findings suggest that eating disorders may have multiple and complex etiologies. This is the first study to suggest that elevated levels of perceived stress may precede the onset of binge-eating disorders. Whether this is a causal association remains a question. © 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.