The children's DEBQ for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children
Version of Record online: 17 JUL 2007
Copyright © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 41, Issue 1, pages 72–81, January 2008
How to Cite
van Strien, T. and Oosterveld, P. (2008), The children's DEBQ for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 41: 72–81. doi: 10.1002/eat.20424
- Issue online: 3 DEC 2007
- Version of Record online: 17 JUL 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 MAY 2007
- restrained eating;
- emotional and external eating;
Construct an age adapted version of the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for measurement of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children: the DEBQ-C.
The DEBQ-C was constructed and tested for its reliability, factorial validity, factorial invariance for sex, overweight (BMI-status), and age, and correlations with measures for unhealthy life style in one sample (382 boys and 387 girls). In a second sample (252 boys and 263 girls) correlations were obtained with measures for body dissatisfaction and parental feeding styles. Single and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses were used.
The fit measures for the three factor model and the factorial invariance models with respect to sex, BMI-status, and age were satisfactory. In the (sub) samples of the 7- to 12-year-olds Cronbach's alpha's ranged from .73 to .82 and there were satisfactory correlations (p < .01) with other measures.
The DEBQ-C should provide a useful measure for young children's emerging dietary restraint and overeating tendencies. The low prevalence of emotional eating indicates that most young children show the natural reaction to emotional stressors (loss of appetite when feeling lonely, depressed or afraid) and that emotional (over) eating at this age is quite abnormal. © 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2008