Association of 5-HTT gene polymorphism, platelet MAO activity, and drive for thinness in a population-based sample of adolescent girls
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 41, Issue 5, pages 399–404, July 2008
How to Cite
Akkermann, K., Paaver, M., Nordquist, N., Oreland, L. and Harro, J. (2008), Association of 5-HTT gene polymorphism, platelet MAO activity, and drive for thinness in a population-based sample of adolescent girls. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 41: 399–404. doi: 10.1002/eat.20516
- Issue published online: 29 MAY 2008
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 DEC 2007
- Estonian Ministry of Education and Science. Grant Numbers: 0182643, 0942706
- Estonian Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: 6932, 6788
- Swedish Science Foundation and the AFA insurance company
- platelet MAO activity;
- drive for thinness;
- binge eating;
- eating disorders;
Several lines of evidence suggest that alterations in serotonergic activity contribute to the pathophysiology of abnormal eating behaviors. Since platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity and the 5-HT transporter gene promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) have been associated with eating disorders, the knowledge from a population-based sample may provide useful information which changes in 5-HT function observed in eating disorders represent trait vs. state effects.
The sample was based on both cohorts of the Estonian Children Personality, Behavior and Health Study (ECPBHS). The current study was conducted during the second follow-up where altogether 82% from the original sample was recruited. EDI-2 subscales—Drive for Thinness and Bulimia—were used to determine eating attitudes and behaviors. Platelet MAO activity was measured and the participants were genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR.
Allelic variation of 5-HTTLPR or platelet MAO activity were not independently associated with drive for thinness or binge eating, but girls homozygous for the 5-HTTLPR long allele and with high platelet MAO activity, both considered indicators of a higher capacity 5-HT system, exhibited higher scores of drive for thinness.
The results suggest that drive for thinness is the highest in girls with the presence of two markers of higher serotonergic capacity. © 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2008