Eating disorder symptoms among undergraduate varsity athletes, club athletes, independent exercisers, and nonexercisers
Article first published online: 23 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 47–53, January 2009
How to Cite
Holm-Denoma, J. M., Scaringi, V., Gordon, K. H., Van Orden, K. A. and Joiner, T. E. (2009), Eating disorder symptoms among undergraduate varsity athletes, club athletes, independent exercisers, and nonexercisers. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 42: 47–53. doi: 10.1002/eat.20560
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 23 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 APR 2008
- eating disorder;
- drive for thinness;
- body dissatisfaction
To examine whether differences in eating disorder symptoms exist between women who are varsity athletes, club athletes, independent exercisers, and nonexercisers and to determine whether sports anxiety moderates any observed between-group effects.
Two hundred seventy four female undergraduates completed the eating disorders inventory and the physical activity and sport anxiety scale and reported their exercise habits.
Women who participated in sports tended to have higher levels of eating disorder symptomatology than those who did not. Higher levels of sports anxiety were predictive of higher levels of bulimic symptoms and drive for thinness. Finally, the interaction of sports anxiety and level of athletic participation significantly predicted body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms.
Coaches and clinicians should be aware that athletes experience higher rates of eating disorder symptoms than nonathletes. Moreover, sports anxiety should be considered as a possible target of therapy among athletes. © 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2009