Angela S. Cain and Anna M. Bardone-Cone are co-first authors on this article.
Refining the relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating: Examining the appearance, interpersonal, and academic domains
Article first published online: 6 JUN 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 41, Issue 8, pages 713–721, December 2008
How to Cite
Cain, A. S., Bardone-Cone, A. M., Abramson, L. Y., Vohs, K. D. and Joiner, T. E. (2008), Refining the relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating: Examining the appearance, interpersonal, and academic domains. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 41: 713–721. doi: 10.1002/eat.20563
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 6 JUN 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 APR 2008
- National Institute of Mental Health and by University of Wisconsin Advanced Level Fellowship. Grant Number: 43866
- binge eating;
This study investigated domain-specific (appearance, interpersonal, and academic) interactive relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating, positing that the level of weight/shape self-efficacy would be pivotal in identifying elevated dieting versus elevated binge eating.
Participants were 406 randomly selected undergraduate women. At two time points (T1 and T2), 11 weeks apart, participants completed measures of dieting and binge eating attitudes/behaviors as well as domain-specific measures of perfectionism and self-efficacy (e.g., perfectionism related to appearance). Between T1 and T2, participants completed inventories weekly on the previous week's weight/shape, interpersonal, and academic stressors.
The combination of high interpersonal perfectionism, low interpersonal self-efficacy, high interpersonal stress, and high weight/shape self-efficacy was associated with the most elevated dieting. The hypothesized interactions related to the appearance and academic domains where not supported.
These results highlight the interpersonal context for dieting and the unique relationship between weight/shape self-efficacy and dieting. © 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2008