An earlier version of this manuscript was presented at the International Conference on Eating Disorders in Orlando, FL in June 2004.
Eating-disorder symptoms and syndromes in a sample of urban-dwelling Canadian women: Contributions toward a population health perspective†
Article first published online: 24 OCT 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 158–165, March 2009
How to Cite
Gauvin, L., Steiger, H. and Brodeur, J.-M. (2009), Eating-disorder symptoms and syndromes in a sample of urban-dwelling Canadian women: Contributions toward a population health perspective. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 42: 158–165. doi: 10.1002/eat.20590
- Issue published online: 5 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 24 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JUL 2008
- Canadian Institutes for Health Research. Grant Number: 200103MOP-90554
- Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ)
- Léa-Roback Research Center
- Research Center development initiative by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research
- eating disorders;
- bulimia nervosa;
- binge-eating disorder;
- prevalence studies
We estimated the prevalence of eating disorders and maladaptive eating behaviors in a population-based sample and examined the association of maladaptive eating with self-rated physical and mental health.
A sample of 1,501 women (mean age = 31.2 years, SD = 6.2) were recruited using random-digit dialing to participate in a 20-min telephone interview about eating behaviors.
Weighted frequency analysis showed the prevalence of frequent binge-eating to be 4.1%, that of regular purging to be 1.1%, and that of frequent compensation to be 8.7%. Although we found none of the women to meet full criteria for anorexia nervosa, 0.6% met criteria for bulimia nervosa, 3.8% provisional criteria for binge eating disorder, and 0.6% criteria for a newly proposed entity, purging disorder. As many as 14.9% fell into a residual category representing subthreshold, but potentially problematic variants of eating disturbances. Logistic regression analyses showed that clinical-level maladaptive eating attitudes and behaviors predicted self-rated physical- and mental-health problems after sociodemographic factors were controlled.
This population-based survey provides prevalence estimates of BN, BED, and purging disorder that are compatible with those of recent epidemiological studies and shows that maladaptive eating attitudes and behaviors represent a substantial population burden. © 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2009