Emotion regulation and binge eating in children
Article first published online: 29 NOV 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 4, pages 356–362, May 2009
How to Cite
Czaja, J., Rief, W. and Hilbert, A. (2009), Emotion regulation and binge eating in children. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 42: 356–362. doi: 10.1002/eat.20630
- Issue published online: 6 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 29 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 OCT 2008
- German Research Foundation. Grant Number: HI 1111/1-1
- German Ministry of Education and Research. Grant Number: 01GP0491
- binge eating;
- emotion regulation;
- eating disorders
To examine the ability to regulate emotions in children with binge eating.
A community sample of 60 children ages 8–13 with at least one episode of loss of control (LOC) eating during the past 3 months and a matched control group without LOC (n = 60) underwent a clinical interview (Eating Disorder Examination adapted for Children) and completed self-report questionnaires assessing emotion regulation strategies, eating pathology, and depressive symptoms.
Children with LOC eating made a significantly higher use of dysfunctional emotion regulation strategies (p < .01), especially for the regulation of anxiety (p < .01). Maladaptive strategies were associated with greater depressiveness (p < .001). Use of adaptive emotion regulation strategies did not differ between children with and without LOC eating.
Results document an association between LOC eating and difficulties in regulating negative emotions in children. Interventions targeting LOC eating in children should include training for coping with negative emotions. © 2008 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2009