Caffeine, artificial sweetener, and fluid intake in anorexia nervosa
Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 6, pages 540–545, September 2009
How to Cite
Marino, J. M., Ertelt, T. E., Wonderlich, S. A., Crosby, R. D., Lancaster, K., Mitchell, J. E., Fischer, S., Doyle, P., Le Grange, D., Peterson, C. B. and Crow, S. (2009), Caffeine, artificial sweetener, and fluid intake in anorexia nervosa. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 42: 540–545. doi: 10.1002/eat.20633
- Issue online: 7 AUG 2009
- Version of Record online: 2 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 OCT 2008
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: R01-MH-059674
- anorexia nervosa;
- eating disorder;
- artificial sweeteners
This article provides an analysis of the use of artificial sweeteners, caffeine, and excess fluids in patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN).
Seventy participants with AN were recruited to participate in an ecologic momentary assessment study which included nutritional analysis using the Nutrition Data Systems for Research, a computer based dietary recall system.
When subtypes were compared, participants with AN-restricting subtype (AN-R) and participants with AN-Binge-Purge (AN-B/P) did not differ in quantity of aspartame, caffeine, or water consumed. Daily water consumption was related to daily vomiting frequency in AN-B/P but not to daily exercise frequency in either participants with AN-R or AN-B/P.
Caffeine, water, and aspartame consumption can be variable in patients with AN and the consumption of these substances seems to be only modestly related to purging behavior. © 2009 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2009