Prevalence and correlates of exercise motivated by negative affect
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 50–58, January 2010
How to Cite
De Young, K. P. and Anderson, D. A. (2010), Prevalence and correlates of exercise motivated by negative affect. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 43: 50–58. doi: 10.1002/eat.20656
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 DEC 2008
- negative affect;
- exercise function;
- eating disorders
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of exercising in response to negative affect.
Participants (N = 177) completed questionnaires assessing affect before and after exercise, exercise quality and quantity, eating behaviors and attitudes, body image, and self-esteem.
Fifty-eight percent of participants endorsed ever exercising in response to negative affect. As a group, these individuals were more likely to report self-induced vomiting, binge eating, and fasting over the previous 4 weeks. They also showed poorer body image and self-esteem, and their exercise was more obligatory and impairing. Groups did not differ on body mass index or quantity of exercise.
Negative affect motivated exercise appears to be a common phenomenon that is associated with eating disordered behavior. © 2009 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2010