Night eating syndrome and weight loss outcome in obese patients
Article first published online: 2 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 44, Issue 2, pages 150–156, March 2011
How to Cite
Grave, R. D., Calugi, S., Ruocco, A. and Marchesini, G. (2011), Night eating syndrome and weight loss outcome in obese patients. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 44: 150–156. doi: 10.1002/eat.20786
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 2 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 OCT 2009
- night eating;
- eating disorder;
- binge eating;
- psychological distress;
- obesity treatment;
- weight loss
The clinical significance of diagnosing the night eating syndrome (NES) in obese individuals has not been clearly demonstrated. We aimed to test the effect of NES on weight loss outcome in obesity.
In an observational case-control study, we measured weight loss outcome in obese individuals with NES (32 cases) and 68 non-NES matched participants entering a weight-loss program. The diagnosis of NES was generated by a two-stage assessment, including the Night Eating Questionnaire (screening test) and the Night Eating Syndrome History and Inventory. The program included a 21-day inpatient treatment based on a low-calorie diet, exercise, and psycho-educational groups, followed by a 6-month outpatient follow-up. Body weight, metabolic parameters, and questionnaires of psychopathology were assessed at baseline, at the end of the inpatient period and at the end of follow-up.
NES participants were only characterized by significantly higher scores of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Night Eating Questionnaire. The time course of weight loss did not differ between groups throughout the study period. Only eight NES participants were still classified as NES at study end.
The presence of NES does not affect weight loss outcome of an obesity treatment based on lifestyle modification. © 2010 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.