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Factors associated with binge eating disorder in pregnancy

Authors

  • Cecilie Knoph Berg MA,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    • Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404, Nydalen 0403 Oslo, Norway
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  • Leila Torgersen PhD,

    1. Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
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  • Ann Von Holle MS,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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  • Robert M. Hamer PhD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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  • Cynthia M. Bulik PhD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    2. Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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  • Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud MD

    1. Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    2. Department of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    3. Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, New York
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Abstract

Objective:

To identify factors associated with incidence and course of broadly defined binge eating disorder (BED) in pregnancy.

Method:

As a part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), 45,644 women completed a questionnaire at approximately 18 weeks of gestation.

Results:

Incidence of BED was significantly associated with lifetime sexual abuse, lifetime physical abuse, lifetime major depression, symptoms of anxiety and depression, low life satisfaction, low self-esteem, low partner relationship satisfaction, smoking, alcohol use, lack of social support, and several weight-related factors. Continuation was negatively associated with thoughts of being overweight before pregnancy. Remission was positively associated with thoughts of being overweight before pregnancy and negatively associated with overvaluation of weight.

Discussion:

Onset of BED in pregnancy was associated with psychological, social and weight-related factors, as well as health behaviors and adverse life events. In women with prepregnancy BED, thoughts of being overweight before pregnancy and overvaluation of weight were associated with course of BED during pregnancy. © 2010 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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