Portions of this work were presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the Eating Disorders Research Society in Brooklyn, NY.
Hunger and binge eating: A meta-analysis of studies using ecological momentary assessment†
Article first published online: 5 NOV 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 44, Issue 7, pages 573–578, November 2011
How to Cite
Haedt-Matt, A. A. and Keel, P. K. (2011), Hunger and binge eating: A meta-analysis of studies using ecological momentary assessment. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 44: 573–578. doi: 10.1002/eat.20868
- Issue published online: 13 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 5 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 JUL 2010
- National Institute of Mental Health through a National Research Service Award. Grant Number: F31 MH085456 PI
- binge eating;
- ecological momentary assessment;
Binge eating has been associated with increased hunger, suggesting a role for impaired appetite regulation. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is ideally suited to examine whether hunger is a precipitant of binge eating but results from such studies have not been systematically reviewed. This study provides a meta-analysis of EMA studies that have examined hunger as an antecedent of binge eating.
Electronic database and manual searches produced seven EMA studies with N = 180 participants. Meta-analyses were conducted to compare: (1) pre-binge eating hunger to average ratings of hunger, and (2) pre-binge eating hunger to hunger before regular eating.
Across studies, hunger was significantly greater before binge eating compared with average hunger ratings, but was significantly lower before binge eating compared with before other eating episodes.
Excessive hunger does not appear to be a precipitant of binge eating because higher levels of hunger are observed before regular eating episodes. However, lower hunger before food consumption may contribute to the experience of a particular eating episode as a binge. © 2010 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2010)