Predictive effects of mother and peer influences on increases in adolescent eating disorder risk factors and symptoms: A 3-year longitudinal study
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 44, Issue 8, pages 745–751, December 2011
How to Cite
Linville, D., Stice, E., Gau, J. and O'Neil, M. (2011), Predictive effects of mother and peer influences on increases in adolescent eating disorder risk factors and symptoms: A 3-year longitudinal study. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 44: 745–751. doi: 10.1002/eat.20907
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 NOV 2010
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Numbers: MH01708, MH/DK61957
- maternal and peer;
- eating disorders;
- predictive effects
To investigate the relation of maternal and peer attitudes and behaviors to changes in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms in adolescent females.
We tested whether maternal and peer eating attitudes, behaviors, and deficits in social support at baseline predicted subsequent increases in eating disorder risk factors and symptoms among 483 late adolescent females followed over 3 years.
Data provide partial support for hypotheses, as eating disorder risk factors and symptoms increased over time and maternal thin ideal internalization significantly predicted a future increases in adolescent bulimic symptoms. There were no significant predictors of adolescent thin ideal internalization or body dissatisfaction.
Findings only partially support the hypothesis that unhealthy attitudes and behaviors of mothers increase risk for eating disorder symptoms in their late adolescent daughters. These results underscore why eating disorder prevention programs should be based on risk factor research that has used prospective and rigorous designs. © 2011 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.