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Reflections on involuntary treatment in the prevention of fatal anorexia nervosa: A review of five cases

Authors


  • Conflict of Interest: JSH, AA, and KH have nothing to declare. RKS has received a lecture fee from Astra Zeneca (2010). KB has received lecture fees and grant support from Merck Sharpe and Dohme since 2002.

Abstract

Objective:

Involuntary treatment in the prevention of fatal anorexia nervosa (AN) is still controversial.

Method:

Five fatal cases of AN were identified out of 1,160 patients who attended a specialized eating disorder unit between 1994 and 2006. Information on inpatient, ambulatory, and emergency room treatment was extracted from a population-based registration system.

Results:

Personality disorders were diagnosed in all five patients and substance abuse in three patients. In all cases, illness duration was more than 10 years and late onset was seen in two cases. None of the deaths were due to suicide. Involuntary hospital admission was instituted for three patients, but only one patient was compulsory detained more than once. Four patients died after having discontinued treatment.

Discussion:

Compulsory treatment may be of crucial importance in the prevention of fatalities in patients with long-standing AN and psychiatric comorbidity who discontinue treatment. © 2011 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2012)

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