Supported by R01HD047186-04 from National Institutes of Health, by N01-ES-85433 from Norwegian Ministry of Health and NIH/NIEHS (the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study), by UO1 NS 047537-01 and 151918/S10 from NIH/NINDS, and by K12-HD01441, the Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health Award from NIH (S.Z.)
Maternal eating disorders and infant temperament: Findings from the norwegian mother and child cohort study†
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 45, Issue 4, pages 546–555, May 2012
How to Cite
Zerwas, S., Von Holle, A., Torgersen, L., Reichborn-Kjennerud, T., Stoltenberg, C. and Bulik, C. M. (2012), Maternal eating disorders and infant temperament: Findings from the norwegian mother and child cohort study. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 45: 546–555. doi: 10.1002/eat.20983
- Issue published online: 6 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 NOV 2011
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Number: R01HD047186-04
- Norwegian Ministry of Health and NIH/NIEHS. Grant Number: N01-ES-85433
- Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Grant Numbers: UO1 NS 047537-01, 151918/S10
- Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health Award. Grant Number: K12-HD01441
- perinatal depression;
- eating disorders;
- infant temperament
We hypothesized that women with eating disorders would be more likely to rate their infants' temperament higher on negative emotionality than women without eating disorders.
Of 3,013 mothers with eating disorders, 44 reported anorexia nervosa (AN), 436 bulimia nervosa (BN), 2,475 binge eating disorder (BED), and 58 EDNOS purging type (EDNOS-P). The referent group comprised 45,964 mothers with no eating disorder. A partial proportional odds model was used to estimate the relation among maternal eating disorder presentations and infant temperament ratings while adjusting for covariates.
Women with AN, BN, EDNOS-P, and BED were 2.3, 1.4, 2.8, and 1.4 times more likely to report extreme fussiness than the referent group of women with no eating disorder, respectively.
Mothers with eating disorders may rate their infants as more difficult because of information-processing biases or because their infants are emotionally difficult. Maternal perception of infant temperament may be a risk factor for children's emotional development. © 2012 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2012)